Wayne B. Gray

Department of Economics
Clark University
950 Main Street
Worcester, MA 01610
Tel: 508/793-7693
Fax: 508/793-8849

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
NBER Program Affiliations: EEE , LS , PR
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate
Institutional Affiliation: Clark University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2020How Does State-Level Carbon Pricing in the United States Affect Industrial Competitiveness?
with Brendan J. Casey, Joshua Linn, Richard Morgenstern: w26629
August 2002Optimal Pollution Abatement - Whose Benefits Matter, and How Much?
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w9125

Published: Gray, Wayne B. and R. J. Ronald J. Shadbegian. "Optimal' Pollution Abatement - Whose Benefits Matter, And How Much?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2004, v47(3,May), 510-534. citation courtesy of

The Declining Effects of OSHA Inspections on Manufacturing Injuries: 1979 to 1998
with John Mendeloff: w9119

Published: Gray, Wayne B. and John M. Mendeloff. "The Declining Effects Of OSHA Inspections On Manufacturing Injuries, 1979 To 1998," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2004, v57(4,Jul), 571-587. citation courtesy of

January 2002When Do Firms Shift Production Across States to Avoid Environmental Regulation?
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w8705
September 2001Plant Vintage, Technology, and Environmental Regulation
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w8480

Published: Gray, Wayne B. and Ronald J. Shadbegian. "Plant Vintage, Technology, And Environmental Regulation," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2003, v46(3,Nov), 384-402. citation courtesy of

May 1997Environmental Regulation, Investment Timing, and Technology Choice
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w6036

Published: Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol.46, no.2 (June 1998), pp. 235-256. citation courtesy of

January 1997Manufacturing Plant Location: Does State Pollution Regulation Matter?
October 1996The NBER Manufacturing Productivity Database
with Eric J. Bartelsman: t0205
January 1995Pollution Abatement Costs, Regulation, and Plant-Level Productivity
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w4994

Published: Gray, Wayne B. (ed.) Economic costs and consequences of environmental regulation, International Library of Environmental Economics and Policy. Aldershot, U.K. and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, Dartmouth, 2002.

March 1994Health, Safety, and Environmental Regulation
NBER Reporter Reporter_archive
April 1993Environmental Regulation and Manufacturing Productivity at the Plant Level
with Ronald J. Shadbegian: w4321
July 1991Do OSHA Inspections Reduce Injuries? A Panel Analysis
with John T. Scholz: w3774

Published: published as "Does Regulatory Enforcement Work? A Panel Analysis of OSHA Enforcement", Law and Society Review, vol. 27, no. 1, (June 1993) P. 177-213

January 1990Are OSHA Health Inspections Effective? A Longitudinal Study in the Manufacturing Sector
with Carol Adaire Jones: w3233

Published: Review of Economics and Statistics, Volume LXXIII, Number 3, pp. 504-508, August 1991. citation courtesy of

December 1989Longitudinal Patterns of Compliance with OSHA Health and Safety Regulations in the Manufacturing Sector
with Carol Adaire Jones: w3213

Published: Journal of Human Resources, Volume 26, Number 4, Fall 1991.

1989A Behavioral Approach to Compliance: OSHA Enforcement's Impact on Workplace Accidents
with John T. Scholz: w2813

Published: John T. Scholz and Wayne B. Gray, "OSHA Enforcement and Workplace Injuries: A Behavioral Approach to Risk Assessment," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 283-305, September 1990.

July 1984The Impact of OSHA and EPA Regulation on Productivity


  • Gray, Wayne B. "The Impact of OSHA and EPA Regulation on Productivity," Productivity versus OSHA and EPA Regulations, Research of Business Decisions series, No. 86, series ed. Richard N. Farmer, Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press , 1986.
  • American Economic Review, vol. 77, no. 5, December 1987

1982Family Effects in Youth Employment
with Albert Rees
in The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, editors
September 1981Low-Cost Student Labor: The Use and Effects of the Subminimum Wage Provisions for Full-time Students
with Richard B. Freeman, Casey Ichniowski: w0765
October 1979Family Effects in Youth Employment
with Albert E. Rees: w0396

Published: Rees, Albert E. and Gray, Wayne. "Family Effects in Youth Employment." The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences, edited by Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, pp. 453- 474. Chicago: Universityof Chicago Press, 1982.

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