Tim Jenkinson

University of Oxford
Said Business School
Park End Street
Oxford OX1 1HP

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Oxford

NBER Working Papers and Publications

February 2020Can Investors Time Their Exposure to Private Equity?
with Gregory Brown, Robert S. Harris, Wendy Hu, Steven N. Kaplan, David T. Robinson: w26755
Private equity performance, both for buyouts and venture capital, has been highly cyclical: periods of high fundraising have been followed by periods of low performance. Despite this seemingly predictable variation, we find modest gains, at best, to pursuing realistic, investable strategies that time capital commitments to private equity. This occurs, in part, because investors can only time their commitments to funds; they cannot time when commitments are called or when investments are exited. There is a high degree of time-series correlation in net cash flows even across commitment strategies that allocate capital in a very different manner over time.

Published: Gregory Brown & Robert Harris & Wendy Hu & Tim Jenkinson & Steve Kaplan & David T. Robinson, 2020. "Can investors time their exposure to private equity?∗," Journal of Financial Economics, .

May 2017Financial Intermediation in Private Equity: How Well Do Funds of Funds Perform?
with Robert S. Harris, Steven N. Kaplan, Ruediger Stucke: w23428
This paper focuses on funds of funds (FOFs) as a form of financial intermediation in private equity (both buyout and venture capital). After accounting for fees, FOFs provide returns equal to or above public market indices for both buyout and venture capital. While FOFs focusing on buyouts outperform public markets, they underperform direct fund investment strategies in buyout. In contrast, the average performance of FOFs in venture capital is on a par with results from direct venture fund investing. This suggests that FOFs in venture capital (but not in buyouts) are able to identify and access superior performing funds.

Published: Robert S. Harris & Tim Jenkinson & Steven N. Kaplan & Ruediger Stucke, 2018. "Financial Intermediation in Private Equity: How Well Do Funds of Funds Perform?," Journal of Financial Economics, . citation courtesy of

February 2012Private Equity Performance: What Do We Know?
with Robert S. Harris, Steven N. Kaplan: w17874
We present evidence on the performance of nearly 1400 U.S. private equity (buyout and venture capital) funds using a new research-quality dataset from Burgiss, sourced from over 200 institutional investors. Using detailed cash-flow data, we compare buyout and venture capital returns to the returns produced by public markets. We also compare the evidence from Burgiss to that derived from other commercial datasets - Venture Economics, Preqin and Cambridge Associates - as well as recent research. We find better buyout fund performance than has previously been documented. This in part reflects recently discovered problems with data provided by Venture Economics, upon which several previous studies had relied. Average U.S. buyout fund performance has exceeded that of public markets for most vi...

Private Equity Performance: What Do We Know?” with Robert Harris and Tim Jenkinson, Journal of Finance, forthcoming. citation courtesy of

April 2010Borrow Cheap, Buy High? The Determinants of Leverage and Pricing in Buyouts
with Ulf Axelson, Per Strömberg, Michael S. Weisbach: w15952
This paper provides an empirical analysis of the financial structure of large buyouts. We collect detailed information on the financing of 1157 worldwide private equity deals from 1980 to 2008. Buyout leverage is cross-sectionally unrelated to the leverage of matched public firms, and is largely driven by factors other than what explains leverage in public firms. In particular, the economy-wide cost of borrowing is the main driver of both the quantity and the composition of debt in these buyouts. Credit conditions also have a strong effect on prices paid in buyouts, even after controlling for prices of equivalent public market companies. Finally, the use of high leverage in transactions negatively affects fund performance, controlling for fund vintage and other relevant characteristics...

Published: Ulf Axelson & Tim Jenkinson & Per Strömberg & Michael S. Weisbach, 2013. "Borrow Cheap, Buy High? The Determinants of Leverage and Pricing in Buyouts," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(6), pages 2223-2267, December. citation courtesy of

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