Institutional Affiliation: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
|The Land that Lean Manufacturing Forgot? Management Practices in Transition Countries|
with Nicholas Bloom, John Van Reenen: w17231
We have conducted the first survey on management practices in transition countries. We found that Central Asian transition countries, such as Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, have on average very poor management practices. Their average scores are below emerging countries such as Brazil, China and India. In contrast, the central European transition countries such as Poland and Lithuania operate with management practices that are only moderately worse than those of western European countries such as Germany. Since we find these practices are strongly linked to firm performance, this suggests poor management practices may be impeding the development of Central Asian transition countries. We find that competition, multinational ownership, private ownership and human capital are all strongly correla...
Published: “The land that Lean manufacturi ng forgot? Management practices in transition countries”, with Helena Schweiger and John Van Reenen, September 2012 Economics of Transition
|Assessing Job Flows Across Countries: The Role of Industry, Firm Size and Regulations|
with John Haltiwanger, Stefano Scarpetta: w13920
This paper analyzes job flows in a sample of 16 industrial and emerging economies over the past decade, exploiting a harmonized firm-level dataset. It shows that industry and firm size effects (and especially firm size) account for a large fraction in the overall variability in job flows. However, large residual differences remain in the job flow patterns across countries. To account for the latter, the paper explores the role of differences in employment protection legislation across countries. Using a difference-in-difference approach that minimizes possible endogeneity and omitted variable problems, our findings show that hiring and firing costs tend to curb job flows, particularly in those industries and firm size classes that require more frequent labor adjustment.