NBER

Yang Tang

Department of Economics
Nanyang Technological University
50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

E-Mail: tangyang@ntu.edu.sg
Institutional Affiliation: Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2020Within-Job Wage Inequality: Performance Pay and Job Relatedness
with Rongsheng Tang, Ping Wang: w27390
Over the past few decades, we find that about 80% of the widening residual wage inequality to be within jobs. We propose performance-pay incidence and job relatedness as two primary factors driving within-job inequality and embed them into a sorting equilibrium framework. We show that equilibrium sorting is positive assortative both within-job and across jobs. While performance-pay position amplifies within-job wage inequality through self-selection, the overall relationship between job relatedness and within-job wage inequality is found generally ambiguous. To quantify the role played by these factors, we calibrate the model to the US economy in 2000, where the model can account around 92% of the changes in within-job inequality among the highly educated from 1990 to 2000. Counterfactual ...
May 2020Spatial Misallocation in Chinese Housing and Land Markets
with Yongheng Deng, Ping Wang, Jing Wu: w27230
Housing and land prices in China have experienced dramatic hikes over the past decade or two. Moreover, housing and land prices have also become more dispersed across Chinese cities. This paper intends to explore how housing and land market frictions may affect not only the aggregate but also the spatial distribution of housing and land prices and hence the extent of spatial misallocation. We first document the spatial variations of housing and land market frictions. In particular, larger tier-1 cities receive less housing and land subsidies, compared to tier-2 and tier-3 cities, whereas land frictions have been mitigated over time. We then embed both types of market frictions into a dynamic competitive spatial equilibrium framework featured with endogenous rural-urban migration. The calib...
September 2017Rural-Urban Migration, Structural Transformation, and Housing Markets in China
with Carlos Garriga, Aaron Hedlund, Ping Wang: w23819
This paper explores the contribution of the structural transformation and urbanization process to China's housing-market boom. Rural to urban migration together with regulated land supplies and developer entry restrictions can raise housing prices. This issue is examined using a multi-sector dynamic general-equilibrium model with migration and housing. Our quantitative findings suggest that this process accounts for about 80 percent of urban housing price changes. This mechanism remains valid in extensions calibrated to the two largest cities with most noticeable housing booms and to several alternative setups. Overall, supply factors and productivity account for most of the housing price growth.

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