Sarah Smith

CMPO, Department of Economics
University of Bristol
12 Priory Road

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Bristol

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2013Do Grants to Charities Crowd Out Other Income? Evidence from the UK
with James Andreoni, A. Abigail Payne: w18998
We present new evidence on the effect of grants on charities' incomes. We employ a novel identification strategy, focusing on charities that applied for lottery grant funding and comparing outcomes for successful and unsuccessful applicants. Overall, grants do not crowd out other income but the effect of grant-funding is not uniform. Looking in more detail we show first, that the positive effects of receiving a grant can persist for several years post-award; second, that grants have a stronger positive effect for small charities; and, third, that grants may have a more positive effect when they provide seed funding.

Published: Andreoni, James & Payne, Abigail & Smith, Sarah, 2014. "Do grants to charities crowd out other income? Evidence from the UK," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 75-86. citation courtesy of

June 2004Pension Reform and Economic Performance in Britain in the 1980s and 1990s
with Richard Disney, Carl Emmerson
in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, David Card, Richard Blundell and Richard B. Freeman, editors
January 2004Pension Incentives and the Pattern of Retirement in the United Kingdom
with Richard Blundell, Costas Meghir
in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation, Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise, editors
March 2003Pension Reform and Economic Performance in Britain in the 1980s and 1990s
with Richard Disney, Carl Emmerson: w9556
The late 1980s saw a major shift in pension provision in the United Kingdom, when for the first time individuals were permitted to opt out of part of the social security program into individual retirement saving accounts (Personal Pensions). At the same time, membership of company-provided pension plans (occupational schemes) was made voluntary. The paper explores the possible impact of these, and other related changes in social security in the 1980s and 1990s in the UK, on household saving rates, on current and future public finances, on retirement, and on the job mobility of individuals covered by company pension plans.

Published: Card, David, Richard Blundell, and Richard B. Freeman (eds.) Seeking a premier economy: The economic effects of British economic reforms, 1980-2000 NBER Comparative Labor Markets Series. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

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