NBER

Masyhur Hilmy

Boston University
Department of Economics
270 Bay State Rd.
Boston, MA 02215

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: Boston University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2020Islam and the State: Religious Education in the Age of Mass Schooling
with Samuel Bazzi, Benjamin Marx: w27073
Public schooling systems are an essential feature of modern states. These systems often developed at the expense of religious schools, which undertook the bulk of education historically and still cater to large student populations worldwide. This paper examines how Indonesia’s long-standing Islamic school system responded to the construction of 61,000 public elementary schools in the mid-1970s. The policy was designed in part to foster nation building and to curb religious influence in society. We are the first to study the market response to these ideological objectives. Using novel data on Islamic school construction and curriculum, we identify both short-run effects on exposed cohorts as well as dynamic, long-run effects on education markets. While primary enrollment shifted towards sta...

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