NBER

Marie-Claire Villeval

GATE, CNRS, University of Lyon,
93, Chemin de Mouilles,
69130, Ecully,
France

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliations: University of Lyon and IZA

NBER Working Papers and Publications

February 2020A New Mechanism to Alleviate the Crises of Confidence in Science-With An Application to the Public Goods Game
with Luigi Butera, Philip J. Grossman, Daniel Houser, John A. List: w26801
Creation of empirical knowledge in economics has taken a dramatic turn in the past few decades. One feature of the new research landscape is the nature and extent to which scholars generate data. Today, in nearly every field the experimental approach plays an increasingly crucial role in testing theories and informing organizational decisions. Whereas there is much to appreciate about this revolution, recently a credibility crisis has taken hold across the social sciences, arguing that an important component of Fischer (1935)'s tripod has not been fully embraced: replication. Indeed, while the importance of replications is not debatable scientifically, current incentives are not sufficient to encourage replications from the individual researcher's perspective. We analyze a novel mechanism ...
August 2013Are Women More Attracted to Cooperation Than Men?
with Peter J. Kuhn: w19277
We conduct a real-effort experiment where participants choose between individual compensation and team-based pay. In contrast to tournaments, which are often avoided by women, we find that women choose team-based pay at least as frequently as men in all our treatments and conditions, and significantly more often than men in a well-defined subset of those cases. Key factors explaining gender patterns in attraction to co-operative incentives across experimental conditions include women's more optimistic assessments of their prospective teammate's ability and men's greater responsiveness to efficiency gains associated with team production. Women also respond differently to alternative rules for team formation in a manner that is consistent with stronger inequity aversion

Published: Peter Kuhn & Marie Claire Villeval, 2015. "Are Women More Attracted to Co‚Äźoperation Than Men?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(582), pages 115-140, 02. citation courtesy of

September 2010Competition and the Ratchet Effect
with Gary Charness, Peter Kuhn: w16325
In labor markets, the ratchet effect refers to a situation where workers subject to performance pay choose to restrict their output, because they rationally anticipate that firms will respond to higher output levels by raising output requirements or cutting pay. We model this effect as a multi-period principal-agent problem with hidden information, and study its robustness to labor market competition both theoretically and experimentally. Consistent with our theoretical model, we observe substantial ratchet effects in the absence of competition, which is nearly eliminated when competition is introduced; this is true regardless of whether market conditions favor firms or workers.

Published: Gary Charness & Peter Kuhn & Marie Claire Villeval, 2011. "Competition and the Ratchet Effect," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(3), pages 513 - 547. citation courtesy of

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