Institutional Affiliation: National University of Singapore
|Early Health Shocks, Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, and Child Outcomes|
with , , : w20757
An open question in the literature is whether families compensate or reinforce the impact of child health shocks. Discussions usually focus on one dimension of child investment. This paper examines multiple dimensions using household survey data on Chinese child twins whose average age is 11. We find that, compared with a twin sibling who did not suffer from negative early health shocks at ages 0-3, the other twin sibling who did suffer negative health shocks received RMB 305 more in terms of health investments, but received RMB 182 less in terms of educational investments in the 12 months prior to the survey. In terms of financial transfers over all dimensions of investment, the family acts as a net equalizer in response to early health shocks for children. We estimate a human capital pro...
|Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China|
with : w18100
China's rapid growth was fueled by substantial physical capital investments applied to a large stock of medium skilled labor acquired before economic reforms began. As development proceeded, the demand for high skilled labor has grown, and, in the past decade, China has made substantial investments in producing it. The egalitarian access to medium skilled education characteristic of the pre-reform era has given rise to substantial inequality in access to higher levels of education. China's growth will be fostered by expanding access to all levels of education, reducing impediments to labor mobility, and expanding the private sector.
“Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China,” (with J. Yi). Forthcoming in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China on Human Capital, Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei and Xiaobo Zhang, editors. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (2014).