Institutional Affiliation: Congressional Budget Office
|Cross-State Variation in Health Care Utilization of SSDI Beneficiaries: Evidence from Medicare Claims|
Using 100 percent Medicare Part B fee-for-service (FFS) claims in 2012 for people under age 65, I examine office and outpatient services by state and primary diagnosis for the service. The number of services per Medicare-eligible beneficiary in the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program was about 32 in 2012, or 2.7 per month, comparable to services for the 65+ Medicare population. The number of services for SSDI beneficiaries ranged from almost 48 per capita in Minnesota to 23 in Arkansas. Services for musculoskeletal impairments averaged 4.6 per capita, ranging from 6.7 in Minnesota to 2.5 in Hawaii. The greatest variation occurred in services for mental disorders, averaging 3.2 for the U.S. but ranging from 9.1 in Massachusetts to 1.4 in Alabama. Factors such as the num...
|Second Mortgages and Household Saving|
with : w2853
Second mortgages accounted for 10.8% of the stock of outstanding mortgage debt at the end of 1987, up from 3.6% at the beginning of the 198Os. This paper investigates the determinants of second mortgage borrowing and the characteristics of second mortgage borrowers. We first calculate the outstanding stock of home equity that remains to be borrowed against on tax-preferred terms, recognizing the limits on interest deductions in the 1986 Tax Reform Act and the 1987 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. Despite these limits, we estimate that more than two trillion dollars of housing equity remains to be borrowed against by current homeowners. We then present cross-sectional evidence suggesting that households who obtain second mortgages after purchasing a home ace less wealthy than other househ...
Published: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 325-346, (1989). citation courtesy of