NBER

Joshua R. Bruce

4019 Business Instructional Facility
515 East Gregory Drive
Gies College of Business
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Champaign, IL 61820
Tel: 217.300.7020

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2020Innovation in the U.S. Government
with John M. de Figueiredo: w27181
This paper examines the U.S. government’s intramural research and development efforts over a 40-year period, drawing together multiple human capital, government spending, and patent datasets. The U.S. Federal Government innovates along four dimensions: technological, organizational, regulatory, and policy. After discussing these dimensions, the paper focuses on the inputs to and outputs of government intramural technological innovation. We measure innovative effort and results by accounting for the government scientists and dollars committed to R&D and patents created with government involvement. Overall, we show that intramural innovations, measured by government-assigned patents, are slightly more original and general, but less cited, than patents awarded to private-sector companies and...
Innovation in the US Government
with John M. de Figueiredo
in The Role of Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Economic Growth, Michael J. Andrews, Aaron Chatterji, Josh Lerner, and Scott Stern, editors
This paper examines the U.S. government’s intramural research and development efforts over a 40-year period, drawing together multiple human capital, government spending, and patent datasets. The US Federal Government innovates along four dimensions: technological, organizational, regulatory, and policy. After discussing these dimensions, the paper focuses on the inputs to and outputs of government intramural technological innovation. We measure innovative effort and results by accounting for the government scientists and dollars committed to R&D and patents created with government involvement. Overall, we show that intramural innovations, measured by government-assigned patents, are slightly more original and general, but less cited, than patents awarded to private-sector companies and ex...
June 2018Public Contracting for Private Innovation: Government Expertise, Decision Rights, and Performance Outcomes
with John M. de Figueiredo, Brian S. Silverman: w24724
We examine how the U.S. Federal Government governs R&D contracts with private-sector firms. The government chooses between two contractual forms: grants and cooperative agreements. The latter provides the government substantially greater discretion over, and monitoring of, project progress. Using novel data on R&D contracts and on the geo-location and technical expertise of each government scientist over a 12-year period, we test implications from the organizational economics and contracting literatures. We find that cooperative agreements are more likely to be used for early-stage projects and those for which local government scientific personnel have relevant technical expertise; in turn, cooperative agreements yield greater innovative output as measured by patents, controlling for endog...

Published: Bruce, Joshua R., John M. de Figueiredo, and Brian S. Silverman (2019). “Public Contracting for Private Innovation: Government Capabilities, Decision Rights, and Performance Outcomes,” Strategic Management Journal 40(4): 533-555.

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