Institutional Affiliation: Federal Reserve Board
|Improving GDP Measurement: A Measurement-Error Perspective|
with S. Boraǧan Aruoba, Francis X. Diebold, Frank Schorfheide, Dongho Song: w18954
We provide a new and superior measure of U.S. GDP, obtained by applying optimal signal-extraction techniques to the (noisy) expenditure-side and income-side estimates. Its properties - particularly as regards serial correlation - differ markedly from those of the standard expenditure-side measure and lead to substantially-revised views regarding the properties of GDP.
Published: Aruoba, S. Borağan & Diebold, Francis X. & Nalewaik, Jeremy & Schorfheide, Frank & Song, Dongho, 2016. "Improving GDP measurement: A measurement-error perspective," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(2), pages 384-397. citation courtesy of
|Improving GDP Measurement: A Forecast Combination Perspective|
with S. Boragan Aruoba, Francis X. Diebold, Frank Schorfheide, Dongho Song: w17421
Two often-divergent U.S. GDP estimates are available, a widely-used expenditure side version, GDPE, and a much less widely-used income-side version GDPI . We propose and explore a "forecast combination" approach to combining them. We then put the theory to work, producing a superior combined estimate of GDP growth for the U.S., GDPC. We compare GDPC to GDPE and GDPI , with particular attention to behavior over the business cycle. We discuss several variations and extensions.
Published: "Improving GDP Measurement: A Forecast Combination Perspective," in X. Chen and N. Swanson (eds.), Recent Advances and Future Directions in Causality, Prediction, and Specification Analysis: Essays in Honor of Halbert L. White Jr., Springer, 1- 26, 2012. With B. Aruoba, J. Nalewaik, F. Schorfheide and D. Song,
|On the Gains to International Trade in Risky Financial Assets|
with Steven J. Davis, Paul Willen: w7796
This paper develops and implements a framework for quantifying the gains to international trade in risky financial assets. The framework can handle may agents, many assets, incomplete markets and limited participation in asset markets. It delivers closed-form analytic solutions for consumption, portfolio allocations, asset prices and the gains to trade. We find enormous gains to trade when asset returns are calibrated to observed risk premia and all agents participate in asset markets. The gains-to-trade puzzle is closely related to, but distinct from, the equity premium puzzle. High risk aversion merely alters the form of the gains-to-trade puzzle, but limited participation in asset markets goes a long way towards addressing both puzzles. We also identify three reasons for limited inte...