Institutional Affiliation: Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa
|Rational Heuristics? Expectations and Behaviors in Evolving Economies with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents|
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We analyze the individual and macroeconomic impacts of heterogeneous expectations and action rules within an agent-based model populated by heterogeneous, interacting firms. Agents have to cope with a complex evolving economy characterized by deep uncertainty resulting from technical change, imperfect information, coordination hurdles and structural breaks. In these circumstances, we find that neither individual nor macroeconomic dynamics improve when agents replace myopic expectations with less naïve learning rules. Our results suggest that fast and frugal robust heuristics may not be a second-best option but rather “rational” responses in complex and changing macroeconomic environments.
Published: Giovanni Dosi & Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini & Joseph E. Stiglitz & Tania Treibich, 2020. "RATIONAL HEURISTICS? EXPECTATIONS AND BEHAVIORS IN EVOLVING ECONOMIES WITH HETEROGENEOUS INTERACTING AGENTS," Economic Inquiry, vol 58(3), pages 1487-1516. citation courtesy of
|The Impact of Deunionization on the Growth and Dispersion of Productivity and Pay|
with , , , : w26634
This paper presents an Agent-Based Model (ABM) that seeks to explain the concordance of sluggish growth of productivity and of real wages found in macro-economic statistics, and the increased dispersion of firm productivity and worker earnings found in micro level statistics in advanced economies at the turn of the 21st century. It shows that a single market process unleashed by the decline of unionization can account for both the macro and micro economic phenomena, and that deunionization can be modeled as an endogenous outcome of competition between high wage firms seeking to raise productive capacity and low productivity firms seeking to cut wages. The model highlights the antipodal competitive dynamics between a “winner-takes-all economy” in which corporate strategies focused on cost r...
|Comment on "Schumpeterian Competition and Diseconomies of Scope: Illustrations from the Histories of Microsoft and IBM"|
in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors