Institutional Affiliation: University of Passau
|The Division of Labor in Teams: A Conceptual Framework and Application to Collaborations in Science|
with Henry Sauermann: w22241
Even though teams have become the dominant mode of knowledge production, little is known regarding how they divide work among their members. Conceptualizing knowledge production as a process involving a number of functional activities, we first develop a conceptual framework to study the division of labor in teams. This framework highlights three complementary perspectives: (1) individual level (the degree to which team members specialize vs. work as generalists), (2) activity level (the degree to which activities are concentrated among few team members vs. distributed among many) and (3) the intersection between the two (e.g., which activities are performed jointly by the same individual). We then employ this framework to explore team-based knowledge production using a newly available typ...
|Explaining Preferences for Control Rights in Strategic Alliances: A Property Rights and Capabilities Perspective Approach|
with Matthew J. Higgins: w18364
Increases in alliance activity between research-intensive firms and incumbents is puzzling since it is challenging to contract upon highly uncertain R&D activities. Our paper extends prior research by exploring the relationship between firm capabilities and preferences for control rights. This link is important because the allocation of control rights has been shown to influence alliance outcomes. Using data based on a survey of biotechnology firms, we find that both current and future capabilities provide strong explanatory power for understanding preferences for control rights. Our results allow us to integrate aspects of the capabilities perspective into the property rights framework.
Published: Strategic Alliances: Trading Ownership for Capabilities Carolin Haeussler1 andMatthew J. Higgins2 Article first published online: 7 JAN 2014 DOI: 10.1111/jems.12047 © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Issue Journal of Economics & Management Strategy Journal of Economics & Management Strategy Special Issue: Innovation Economics Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 178–203, Spring 2014
|Specific and General Information Sharing Among Academic Scientists|
with Lin Jiang, Jerry Thursby, Marie C. Thursby: w15315
We provide theoretical and empirical evidence on the factors that influence the willingness of academic scientists to share research results. We distinguish between two types of sharing, specific sharing in which a researcher shares her data or materials with another and general sharing in which scientists report results to the entire community (as in conference presentations). We present two simple games in which scientists research a problem of scientific merit (with an associated prize of academic and/or commercial value). In both cases, the scientists have intermediate research results but none has solved the entire problem.We test these models using a unique survey of bio-scientists in the UK and Germany regarding their willingness to "share." Our results generally support both models...
Published: “General and Specific Information Sharing Among Academic Scientists,” (with Carolin Hauessler, Lin Jiang and Jerry Thursby), Research Policy, October 2013.