Institutional Affiliation: University of Toronto
|Public Contracting for Private Innovation: Government Expertise, Decision Rights, and Performance Outcomes|
with , : w24724
We examine how the U.S. Federal Government governs R&D contracts with private-sector firms. The government chooses between two contractual forms: grants and cooperative agreements. The latter provides the government substantially greater discretion over, and monitoring of, project progress. Using novel data on R&D contracts and on the geo-location and technical expertise of each government scientist over a 12-year period, we test implications from the organizational economics and contracting literatures. We find that cooperative agreements are more likely to be used for early-stage projects and those for which local government scientific personnel have relevant technical expertise; in turn, cooperative agreements yield greater innovative output as measured by patents, controlling for endog...
Published: Bruce, Joshua R., John M. de Figueiredo, and Brian S. Silverman (2019). “Public Contracting for Private Innovation: Government Capabilities, Decision Rights, and Performance Outcomes,” Strategic Management Journal 40(4): 533-555.
|How Does the Government (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying and Academic Earmarks|
with : w13459
This paper examines academic earmarks and their role in the funding of university research. It provides a summary and review of the evidence on the supply of earmarks by legislators. It then discusses the role of university lobbying for earmarks on the demand side. Finally, the paper examines the impact of earmarks on research quantity and quality.
Published: de Figueiredo, John M., and Brian S. Silverman (2007). “How Do We (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying, and Academic Earmarks,” in Ronald Ehrenberg (ed). Science and the University. (University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, WI.).