NBER

Andreas Menzel

CERGE-EI
Politickych Veznu 7
11121 Prague
Czech Republic

E-Mail: Andreas.Menzel@cerge-ei.cz
Institutional Affiliation: CERGE-EI Prague

NBER Working Papers and Publications

July 2020Challenges of Change: An Experiment Promoting Women to Managerial Roles in the Bangladeshi Garment Sector
with Rocco Macchiavello, Atonu Rabbani, Christopher Woodruff: w27606
Women remain disadvantaged in access to management positions around the world. We conduct a field experiment with 24 large garment factories in Bangladesh to test for inefficient representation of women among line supervisors. We identify the marginal female and male candidates for supervisory positions and randomly assign them to manage production lines. Three sets of results emerge: (i) extensive diagnostic testing at baseline reveal few skill differences between marginal female and male supervisor candidates; (ii) initially, marginal female candidates have lower productivity and evaluations from sub-ordinate workers, though after four to six months, these gaps disappear; and (iii) the share of the female candidates retained as line supervisor after the trial is significantly higher than...
June 2019Gender Wage Gaps and Worker Mobility: Evidence from the Garment Sector in Bangladesh
with Christopher Woodruff: w25982
Data from 70 large export-oriented garment manufacturers in Bangladesh show that gender wage gaps are similar to those found in higher-income countries. Among production workers, women’s wages are 8 percent lower. We show that by combining short administrative panels, survey data from a representative sample of workers, and structure, we can estimate how the wage gap evolves over workers’ careers. Gender differences in internal and across-factory promotions contribute roughly equally to the emergence of the gender gap over worker careers. Differences in promotion rates appear to arise mainly from career concerns rather than frictions coming from household responsibilities.

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