NBER

Margaret E. Blume-Kohout, Krishna B. Kumar, Neeraj Sood

Bibliographic Information

NBER Working Paper No. 15146
Issued in July 2009
NBER Program(s):HC, HE, PE

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the October 2009 NBER Digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

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Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of federal extramural research funding on total expenditures for life sciences research and development (R&D) at U.S. universities, to determine whether federal R&D funding spurs funding from non-federal (private and state/local government) sources. We use a fixed effects instrumental variable approach to estimate the causal effect of federal funding on non-federal funding. Our results indicate that a dollar increase in federal funding leads to a $0.33 increase in non-federal funding at U.S. universities. Our evidence also suggests that successful applications for federal funding may be interpreted by non-federal funders as a signal of recipient quality: for example, non-PhD-granting universities, lower ranked universities and those that have historically received less funding experience greater increases in non-federal funding per federal dollar received.

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